Effective and Stringent Action only in known and big cases of Tax Evasion to Demonstrate to the Large Number of Compliant Tax Payers that the Tax Laws are just and Fair and to Encourage Voluntary Tax Compliance
It may be worthwhile to mention here that one of the issues for discussion during the All India Conference of Chief Commissioners and Director Generals of Income Tax was 'Lack of Credible Deterrence through Penalty and Prosecution – Causes and Ways to Improve'. The discussion was within the limited context of cases where action under Section 132 of the IT Act 1961 for search and seizure had been undertaken by the Investigation Division of the Department. These are exceptional cases which are selected for intrusive action after detailed intelligence gathering and due diligence on the basis of credible evidence and are not the norm for routine cases. It may be noted that only 537 searches were conducted in Financial Year 2014-15 in which admitted undisclosed income was to the tune of Rs.10288.05 crore.
In such cases where after intensive fact assessment, the Department undertakes search and seizure action as permissible under the law, mere tax collection does not have deterrence value and these need to be taken to their logical conclusion in terms of levy of penalty and launching of prosecution as per the provisions of the Income Tax Act.